The source of information variable indicated whether the information provided was based on a published citation, generally a peer-reviewed scientific journal, or on personal experience, or on neither of these. To the extent possible our cost estimates included indirect costs for either employer or patient, such as the economic impact of quitting a job.
A variable for surgical recommendation was coded as positive when a message included a recommendation for a surgical intervention. The coding form was initially validated by duplicate coding of messages. All messages were initially coded by a single reviewer JDC ; web medical information that were ambiguous or difficult to code were independently assessed by all three authors, and a consensus opinion was web medical information for the final coding of these messages.
Repeated messages were counted as many times as they appeared. Consensus coding was required for 0. The 1, messages originated from a total of authors. Of the messages, Another messages The remaining 1, messages The majority of authors sent messages only occasionally; of the total of authors, Health care providers, as a group, wrote 5. Only 5 of these 88 messages were written by a physician; the remainder were written by nurses, chiropractors, physical or occupational therapists, or others.
In Information was provided in about two thirds of the messages and requested in about one fifth of the messages Table 2. Table 3 shows that Of the messages with a medical topic, provided rather than requested information. Of these, No basis for the recommendation was apparent in Interestingly, approximately one third of the messages written both by authors with and by authors without professional training were classified as unconventional.
During the study period SOREHAND was a lively discussion forum focused on a relatively specific set of medical problems, mostly among persons with upper extremity symptoms. Participants described their symptoms and sought advice, solace, and support. Many of the requests for information were credulous, uncritical, and even desperate. In response, much information was offered, often in the form of personal advice. Most messages providing information on a medical topic were written by individuals without professional medical training, as predicted by our first hypothesis.
In web medical information sample, 5. The advice offered frequently had little basis in biomedical science or accepted medical practice. Slightly more than one third of messages recommended unconventional interventions for upper extremity pain, such as acupuncture, aromatherapy, Qi Gong, homeopathy, and Jin Shin Jytsu. These findings support our second hypothesis. Typically, a new discussion group member described one or two symptoms and elicited numerous responses about the nature of the problem and how best to manage it.
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In this case, the diagnosis, treatment, and attribution to use of the computer appeared to be unverified. Weg have sore elbows, and the muscles going down my arms become sore. I cannot lift heavy things and have begun backing medicall of computer time. I had something very similar. It could be related to thoracic outlet syndrome. In general, contributors appeared to assume that what was stated by other contributors was true, and there was a conspicuous absence of critical evaluation of conclusions drawn.
I shifted a web medical information of boxes, carried stuff from here to there, put up shelves i. As soon as I got back to work and started typing, I could feel things start to ache again.
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I guess it was a case of using different muscles, tendons, etc. They cost a lot of money and they know less about the specifics of your body than a good physical therapist. Doctors simply do not spend enough web medical information with their patients they make too much money to treat us like individuals.
Several methodologic problems limit the inferences that can be drawn from our results. First, we characterized medical advice as conventional or unconventional rather than assessing its efficacy or safety.
These latter features are of greater interest, but were impossible to assess owing to the absence of rigorous data regarding most interventions for upper extremity symptoms. Similarly, we could not evaluate the medical appropriateness of advice web medical information, or assess risks and benefits of compliance.
Most of the interventions recommended were low in cost and did not include mevical. In some cases more aggressive therapy may have had less risk, such as surgery after a trial of conservative treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome to prevent permanent innformation damage. The inability to assess the benefit or risk of recommendations is informaion limitation of the results of this study. A related limitation was our inability to jedical the identity and motives of authors, beyond the self-identification they provided.
We did identify 41 messages 2. There were so few messages written by persons with professional training that when stratified by source and type of information the categories web medical information too small to provide meaningful information. Our onformation can be understood in at least two contexts: snake oil meducal self-help. Snake oil is a term applied to medical misinformation, and by extension to medical products with unproven efficacy or unproven safety.
Although the term snake oil denotes willful deception, misinformation and unproven products may be dispensed for many reasons: honest web medical information, inforamtion desire to promote a particular agenda or ideology, or a desire for commercial gain. Snake oil has a long history in health care, ranging from the promotion of questionable nutritional remedies, 21 to unconventional therapies such as electromagnetic fields, 22 and including treatments for arthritis, 23 allergies, 24 cancer, 25 and AIDS.The leading source for trustworthy and timely health and medical news and information. Providing credible health information, supportive community. Medicine is the science and practice of caring for a patient, managing the diagnosis, prognosis, prevention, treatment, palliation of their injury or disease, and promoting their health.
Internet discussion groups may also be understood within the tradition of self-help groups in health care. Self-help groups, a growing trend in the United States, 2829 vary greatly in style, subject, and format. Common characteristics include a shared concern, self-governance, a democratic ideology, and nonprofit status. The impact of self-help groups on knformation members is difficult to assess.
Medical Information on the Internet - PMC
Few studies have formally evaluated them, and contradictory results have emerged. Does this person work for an ifnormation and, wwb so, what are the goals of the organization? Is the health information written or reviewed by a healthcare professional?
Dependable websites will tell you where their health information came from and how and when it was reviewed. Be careful about testimonials. Personal stories may be helpful and comforting, but not everyone experiences health problems the same way.
Also, there is a big difference between a website, blog, or social media page developed by a single person interested pharmacy prescription a topic and a website developed using ihformation scientific evidence that is, information gathered from research.
No information should replace seeing a doctor or other health professional who can give you advice that caters to your specific situation. Look for websites mmedical stay current with their mefical information. Often, the bottom of the page will have a date. Pages on the same site may be updated at web medical information times—some may be updated more often than others. Why was the site created? Know the motive or goal of the website so you can better judge its content. Is the purpose of the site online pharmacies inform or explain?
Find out why your number is needed, how it will be used, and what will happen if you do not share this information.
Only enter your Social Security number on informatoin websites. Be careful what information you share over social media sites. Written by Jamie Informatuon 5 studies cited. Written by Jenna Fletcher 6 studies cited. Written by Jayne Leonard 2 studies cited.
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Find information on health conditions, wellness issues, and more in easy-to-read language on MedlinePlus, the up-to-date, trusted health information site. canadianonlinepharmaciesntv.com is a website from the NIH's National Library of Medicine that has dependable consumer information about more than 1, health-related topics.