It's used to treat and prevent malaria infection, and to reduce symptoms and progression of autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and others. Malaria is spread by mosquitoes, which transmit the parasites that cause the infection, usually in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Hydroxychloroquine also called Dosage of chloroquine injection in adults Chloroquine ph 250 mg tablet Hydro chloroquine Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is primarily used in combination with other drugs, including methotrexate and/or sulfasalazine for moderate to severe Rheumatoid Arthritis. It is only prescribed alone in patients with very mild symptoms, who are RF negative and have non-erosive disease. Plaquenil appears to interfere with immune cell function. The drug is given orally, one or two tablets a day. One rare serious side effect is the deposit of the drug in the retina with the potential of visual impairment. An ophthalmology exam is recommended every six months. NSAIDs can be taken with Plaquenil and are often prescribed together. Your doctor should order periodic blood and urine tests to check for unwanted effects. Before taking any DMARD, tell your doctor if you are planning to become pregnant. In rare cases, high doses or long-term use of hydroxychloroquine sulfate may cause changes in the central part of the eye’s retina. For example, it may be combined with an antibiotic to treat chronic Q-fever, which humans usually catch from farm animals or raw milk. Plaquenil is used to treat other types of infections too. Plaquenil dmard DMARDs Arthritis Foundation, Facts About DMARDs Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs Chloroquine treatment of cellsPlaquenil for scarring alopecia PLAQUENIL should be administered with caution in patients having glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase G-6-PD deficiency. Dermatologic Effects. Dermatologic reactions to PLAQUENIL may occur and, therefore, proper care should be exercised when it is administered to any patient receiving a drug with a significant tendency to produce dermatitis. Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine Uses, Dosage, Side Effects.. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate - Arthritis Foundation. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil. Rheumatoid arthritis treatment includes medications that slow the progression of joint damage from rheumatoid arthritis. These drugs are called disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs DMARDs, and. According to the American College of Rheumatology, hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, is a “disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD,” meaning that it helps reduce the pain and swelling that come with arthritis. It can also reduce the incidence of joint damage, thus lessening the risk of developing a long-term disability from. Jun 09, 2006 Other DMARDs. There is no published clinical data addressing the perioperative morbidity of RA patients treated with other commonly used antirheumatic drugs, including hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil™, leflunomide Arava™, azathiaprine Imuran™, or sulfasalazine Azulfidine™.