It is bioactivated hepatically to its primary metabolite, N-desethylamodiaquine, by the cytochrome p450 enzyme CYP2C8. Among amodiaquine users, several rare but serious side effects have been reported and linked to variants in the CYP2C8 alleles. Chikungunya arthritis hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil toxicity bull's eye maculopathy Chloroquine CAS NO.54-05-7 has long been used in the treatment or prevention of malaria. After the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum started to develop widespread resistance to chloroquine, new potential utilisations of this cheap and widely available drug have been investigated. Metronidazole, marketed under the brand name Flagyl among others, is an antibiotic and antiprotozoal medication. It is used either alone or with other antibiotics to treat pelvic inflammatory disease, endocarditis, and bacterial vaginosis. It is effective for dracunculiasis, giardiasis, trichomoniasis, and amebiasis. Name Chloroquine phosphate Drug Entry Chloroquine. Chloroquine is an aminoquinolone derivative first developed in the 1940s for the treatment of malaria. 4 It was the drug of choice to treat malaria until the development of newer antimalarials such as pyrimethamine, artemisinin, and mefloquine. 17 Chloroquine was granted FDA Approval on 31 October 1949. 19 People who are poor metabolizers of amodiaquine display lower treatment efficacy against malaria, as well as increased toxicity. CYP2C8*1 is characterized as the wild-type allele, which shows an acceptable safety profile, while CYP2C8*2, *3 and *4 all show a range of "poor metabolizer" phenotypes. Chloroquine iupac name Chloroquine - gov, Metronidazole - Wikipedia Chloroquine interfere nucleic acid biosynthesisPlaquenil discontinuedPlaquenil night sweatsDoes hydroxychloroquine make you gain weight Amantadine, sold under the brand name Gocovri among others, is a medication used to treat dyskinesia associated with parkinsonism and influenza caused by type A influenzavirus, though its use for the latter is no longer recommended due to drug resistance. Amantadine - Wikipedia. Chloroquine phosphate - DrugBank. Chloroquine hydrochloride - DrugBank. Chloroquine Sulfate is the sulfate salt of chloroquine, a quinoline compound with antimalarial and anti-inflammatory properties. Chloroquine is the most widely used drug against malaria, except for those cases caused by chloroquine resistant Plasmodium falciparum. Chloroquine is a medication used to prevent and to treat malaria in areas where malaria is known to be sensitive to its effects. Certain types of malaria, resistant strains, and complicated cases typically require different or additional medication. Chloroquine is a member of the drug class 4-aminoquinoline. Names. Brand names include Chloroquine FNA, Resochin, and Dawaquin. History. Chloroquine was discovered in 1934 by Hans Andersag and coworkers at the Bayer laboratories, who named it "Resochin". 32 It was ignored for a decade because it was considered too toxic for human use.